Terr. Atmos. Ocean. Sci., Vol. 19, No. 6, 595-639, December 2008

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2008.19.6.595(PT)

Strong-Motion Data from the Pingtung , Taiwan Earthquake of 26 December 2006


Chien-Fu Wu1,*, William H. K. Lee2, and David M. Boore2


1 Central Weather Bureau, Taipei , Taiwan

2 U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park , CA , USA (retired)



     1016 strong-motion records at 527 free-field stations and 131 records at 42 strong-motion arrays at buildings and bridges were obtained for the Pingtung earthquake doublet from the Taiwan Central Weather Bureau’s dense, digital strong-motion network. We carried out standard processing of these strong-motion records at free-field stations. A data set, including the originally recorded files, processed data files, and supporting software and information, is archived online http://tecdc.earth.sinica.edu.tw/data/EQ2006Pingtung/. We have not yet completed the processing of the strong-motion array data at buildings and bridges. However, some preliminary results and the strong-motion array data recorded at the second nearest instrumented building to the Pingtung earthquake doublet are shown.

    This paper is intended to document our data processing procedures and the online archived data files, so that researcherscan efficiently use the data. We also include two preliminary analyses: (1) a comparison of ground motions recorded by multiple accelerographs at a common site, the TAP117 station in Taipei, and (2) attenuation of the horizontal ground motions (peak acceleration and response spectra at periods of 0.2, 1.0, and 3.0 s) with respect to distance.

     Our comparison study of multiple recordings at TAP117 indicates that waveform coherence among 20- and 24-bit accelerograph records is much higher as compared to records from 16-bit or 12-bit accelerographs, suggesting that the former are of better quality. For the 20- and 24-bit accelerographs, waveform coherence is nearly 1 over the frequency range 1 to 8 Hz for all components, and is greater than about 0.9 from 8 to 20 Hz for the horizontal component, but only from 8 to 12 Hz for the vertical component. Plots of pseudo-acceleration response spectra (PSA) as a function of distance, however, show no clear indication for a difference related to the performance level of the accelerographs.

     The ground-motions of the first event (MW = 7.0) are comparable, or even somewhat lower, than those from the smaller second event (MW = 6.9), consistent with the relative difference of the local magnitudes (ML = 6.96 and 6.99 for the first and second events, respectively). The ground motions from the first event are generally lower than those predicted from equations based on other in-slab subduction earthquakes, whereas the ground motions from the second event are closer to the predictions. Ground-motions for soil sites are generally larger than those from rock sites.

Keywords: Accelerographs, Attenuation of ground motions, Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan, Pseudo-acceleration response spectra strong-motion data

Citation: Wu, C. F., W. H. K. Lee, and D. M. Boore, 2008: Strong-motion data from the two Pingtung, Taiwan, earthquakes of 26 December 2006. Terr. Atmos. Ocean. Sci., 19, 595-639, doi: 10.3319/TAO.2008.19.6.595(PT)